About Croatia


Population: 4.43 million

Language: Croatian and in the tourist regions also English, German and Italian widely spoken.

Climate: Croatia has a varied climate, with continental climate conditions in the northern and eastern parts and Mediterranean climate along the Adriatic coast.

Currency: Kuna (HRK), 1 EUR = 7,50 HRK

With 1778 km of mainland coast, emerald-blue waters of the Adriatic sea, hundreds of secluded pebble and sand beaches and hundreds of virgin islands, Croatia is an ideal destination for lovers of sea and sunshine who want to avoid crowded tourist destinations. The Republic of Croatia has - due to its history - a rather peculiar geographic shape, being stretched along the eastern Adriatic and with its hinterland laying in the Pannonian flat, between the Sava, Drava and Danube. That's why in this country, where the Mediterranean, the eastern slopes of the Alps and the Pannonian plains come - within just a little more than hundred kilometers - together in a unique harmony of natural beauty, you can come across excitingly different landscapes.

The Croatian Adriatic, with one of the most indented coastlines in Europe and its 1185 islands, islets and rocks, of which only 66 are inhabited, is undoubtedly the most popular country's tourist destination. Continental Croatia, however, also abounds in beauty: it is a land of forests, rivers rich in fish, swift mountain streams and deep gorges of Gorski Kotar, and the magnificent Plitvice Lakes in the Lika region. It is a land of golden wheat fields, oak woods and wide rivers of Slavonia and Baranja, a land of quaint little villages, romantic castles and manors, and picturesque rolling hills and vineyards of the Hrvatsko Zagorje. If you are a gourmet and a connoisseur of fine food, or simply like tasty and healthy dishes, you will certainly more than enjoy Croatia.

The Brijuni Archipelago in the north part of the Adriatic is one of seven Croatian National Parks, abounding in rare plant and animal species, and including a zoo park with animals from other climate zones. Some extraordinary examples of Roman and Byzantine heritage can be found on the islands. Further down south you reach Dalmatia, the very apogee of the Mediterranean, bursting with colours, fragrances and shapes, unforgettable in the intensity of the experience of nature. It is a region of long beaches, pine woods and the ancient towns of Zadar, Sibenik, Split, Trogir, Omis and Dubrovnik, that testify the rich cultural and historical heritage of Croatia. Here are the Kornati Islands - the largest and densest archipelago in the Adriatic Sea that consists of 147 islands. As George Bernard Shaw wrote: 'On the last day of the Creation, God desired to crown his work and thus created the Kornati Islands out of tears, stars and breath'.

Beautiful nature, a network of countless islands and islets, the magnificent sea - all this makes the Kornati Archipelago an attractive destination.
To the south you will discover the islands of Hvar, Brac, Solta, Korcula, Vis, Mljet and the Elafiti Archipelago, although equally enchanting, all unique in their character. Dalmatia is also known for its good wines and friendly people. Split is the second largest city in Croatia and the regional capital of Dalmatia, built through centuries around the historical Diocletian's Palace, erected in the third century and included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Dubrovnik, a medieval aristocratic republic from the 12th-19th century and the best preserved walled city in the Mediterranean, is one of Croatia's main tourist attractions and one of only three European cities ranked by UNESCO as the World Heritage Site of zero category, which the English poet Lord Byron named the 'pearl of the Adriatic'.

The enchanting landscape, including the nearby islands, beaches, numberless historical sites, colours, shapes, scents, warmth of the climate and people... will all provide for an unforgettable experience. There are many beautiful islands in Croatia, like Korcula, the supposed birthplace of Marco Polo, then Hvar, Brac - which has one of the most beautiful beaches in the Mediterranean, Zlatni rat - also a windsurfing paradise. We invite you to discover and enjoy the beauties of Croatia, its mild climate, the crystal clean and warm sea water, beautiful beaches, virgin nature combined with rich history and cultural heritage, delicious cuisine and good wines, an above all, warm and friendly people.

The Climate
The climate of Croatia varies from ' Mediterranean ' along the coastline to typical 'Continental European' further inland. The Adriatic coastal areas have hot, dry summers and mild, damp winters, making May to September the most popular time of the year to visit. Croatia has long been regarded as one of the most beautiful countries to visit and with 2,600 hours of sunlight on average yearly and an average summer temperature of 27 C degrees, one of the sunniest in Europe.

The Coastline
The Adriatic Sea spans from Prevlaka, in the south, to Cape Savudrija in the north, including all islands, islets and cliffs along the coast. The length of the Croatian Coastline is estimated at 5,835km, including all of the 1,185 islands. This makes Croatia's coast a unique area in Europe for cruising with motorboats, speedboats, or sailboats alongside the numerous water and sub-aqua sports.

The Sea
The quality of the water in the Adriatic is very well preserved. The results reached through the constant measuring of the quality of water on more than 800 beaches are in accordance with the strictest criteria. Except for the cleanliness of the sea, another important quality of the coastal area is its biological and geographical particular quality, which can be seen in the number of species of plants and animals, and in the high number of endemic species. Various projects are carried out in Croatia by Government Institutions and Associations with the goal of preserving natural and cultural heritage and its evaluation.

Croatia 's economic, cultural and administrative heart sits on the north bank of the River Sava. Its historic nuclei, Gradec and Kaptol, in the Gornji Grad ( Upper Town ), were founded in the Middle Ages. Here, a labyrinth of peaceful cobbled streets links the city's oldest and finest monuments: the Cathedral, St Mark's Church (noted for its red, white and blue tiled roof) and the Sabor (seat of the Croatian Parliament). At the foot of the Upper Town lie Trg Bana Jelacica, the main square, and Dolac, the colourful open-air market. The main square links the Upper Town to Donji Grad (Lower Town), the commercial centre of modern-day Zagreb, with theatres, shops, cinemas, museums and cafes. A number of important 19th-century public buildings are located here, including Glavni Kolodvor (Main Train Station), the imposing neo-Baroque Croatian National Theatre and the Academy of Arts and Sciences. Regarding museums, the Museum of Arts and Crafts traces Croatian craftsmanship from the Renaissance up to the present day, while the Mimara Museum presents a rich collection of painting, sculpture and ceramics. Also worth visiting are the Museum of Zagreb, the Archaeological Museum and the Gallery of Naive Art. The city boasts one of Europe's very first planned parks: Maksimir, a magnificent feat of landscaping, with lakes, pavilions and sculptures, dating back to 1794.

The city of Split was founded in the third century AD by the Roman Emperor Diocletian. Today, the traffic-free historic centre lies within the imposing walls of Diocletian's Palace, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site (Dalmatia Investments has an office within the palace walls).

A vibrant cafe scene focuses on the Roman Peristil, presided over by the majestic Cathedral with its 13th-century Romanesque bell tower. The Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments displays early Croatian religious art, while the Meštrovic Gallery celebrates the country's best-known 20th-century sculptor. On the hill above town, Marjan, an extensive nature reserve planted with pine woods and fragrant Mediterranean shrubs, affords stunning views over the Adriatic. During the Split Summer Festival, held annually from mid-July to mid-August, the city becomes an open-air stage with evening opera and concerts.

Unanimously considered the jewel of Croatia, Dubrovnik is best known for its well-preserved historic centre contained within 13th-century city walls, its terracotta rooftops, and a stunning location overlooking the Adriatic.

Today a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the city was a wealthy independent republic up until 1808. The finest monuments date back to those golden years: the 16th-century Rector's Palace, the Franciscan Monastery (home to Europe's oldest pharmacy), and a number of delightful baroque churches, including the Cathedral, St Blaise's Church and the Jesuit Church. Also worth visiting is the Maritime Museum, which highlights Dubrovnik's former importance as a world naval power. Each summer, from mid-July to late August, the city hosts the Dubrovnik Summer Festival, featuring various cultural events plus open-air evening performances of theatre, jazz and classical music.


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